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Family Customs in Cambodia

Most of Cambodia's population live in rural areas as farmers.   In the countryside, houses are made up of palm leaves and bamboo and are usually built on stilts to protect them from floods that occur annually.  A rural village is made up of a group of houses that center around a Buddhist monastery (wat).

City life for the poor, is like life in the country, except that tremendous crime and unsanitary conditions must also be taken into effect.  Social standing is reflected by material possessions, which is apparent in wealthy and middle-class Cambodian lifestyles.

In the rural areas, clothing is simple and material possessions are hard to come by.  Women tend to wear cotton shirts with ankle length skirts (saving their sampots for religious festivals).  Men and women both wear a krama, a multipurpose cotton garment.  It can be used as a head covering, loincloth (for bathing), and as a bag for carrying items.  In the city, Cambodians usually wear Western clothing.


country comparison to the world: 66
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 32.2% (male 2,399,960/female 2,345,571)
15-64 years: 64.2% (male 4,615,599/female 4,850,369)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 202,474/female 339,347) (2010 est.)
Median age:
total: 22.5 years
male: 21.8 years
female: 23.2 years (2010 est.)
Population growth rate:
1.777% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
Birth rate:
25.77 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
Death rate:
8 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
Net migration rate:
urban population: 22% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.045 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 53.04 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 46
male: 59.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)


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