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Profile of the Philippines

General Information

Capital

Manila

Population

(Manila) 1,601,234; greater metropolitan area - 7,948,398 (1998)

Area

 300,000 sq km (115,830 sq mi), with 7,100 islands

Official Languages

 Filipino, English

Currency

 Philippine peso (100 centavos - 40.2 pesos equal US $1 - 1998)

Annual Temperature

 27 F (80 F)

Main Cities

 Manila, Davao, Cebu, Zamboanga, Quezon City

Government

Form

 Democratic Republic

Head of State

 President, elected to a 6-year term

Head of Government

 President, elected to a 6-year term

Judiciary

 Supreme Court (14 justices and a chief justice)

Military

 Expenditures $1.3 billion and represents 0.7 percent of the GDP.  Army - 68,000 members; Navy - 28,000 members; Air Force - 16,000 members

National Economy

Natural Resources

 Gold, copper, iron, chromite, manganese, salt and coal.

Agriculture

 Rice, corn, cassava and sweet potatoes, copra, sugarcane and tobacco.

Fisheries

 Annually, 2 million metric tons (tuna, squid, shrimp)

Mining

 1 million troy oz annually (gold) - 1980s

Industries

 Textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, 
 electronics assembly, petroleum refining and fishing.

Imports

 $34 billion (1997)

Exports

 $25 billion (1997)

Transportation

 14% paved roads; 1,060 km operated railroad track; 262 airports

People

Ethnic Composition

 Filipino, Aboriginal Aetas

Religion

 84% Roman Catholic, 10% Protestant, 4% Muslim

Birth Rate

 28.43 births per 1,000 persons

Death Rate

 6.52 deaths per 1,000 persons

Infant Mortality

 34.56 deaths per 1000 live births

Life Expectancy

 Males: 63.57 years; Females: 69.28 years

Information provided by Philippines Embassy 

World Statistics


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