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Bangladesh People




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About this sound Bangladesh  (Bengali: : বাংলাদেশ, pronounced /bęŋgləˈdɛʃ/; Bangladesh), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bengali: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gōnoprojatontri Banglādeśh) is a country in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma (Myanmar) to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language.

The borders of present-day Bangladesh were established with the partition of Bengal and India in 1947, when the region became the eastern wing of the newly formed Pakistan. However, it was separated from the western wing by 1,600 km (994 mi) of Indian territory. Political and linguistic discrimination as well as economic neglect led to popular agitations against West Pakistan, which led to the war for independence in 1971 and the establishment of Bangladesh. After independence, the new state endured famines, natural disasters and widespread poverty, as well as political turmoil and military coups. The restoration of democracy in 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress.

Bangladesh is the seventh most populous country and is among the most densely populated countries in the world with a high poverty rate. However, per-capita (inflation-adjusted) GDP has more than doubled since 1975, and the poverty rate has fallen by 20% since the early 1990s. The country is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies. Dhaka, the capital, and other urban centers have been the driving force behind this growth.[5]

Geographically, the country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones. It has the longest unbroken sea beach in the world in the Cox's Bazaar. Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad. The country is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the OIC, SAARC, BIMSTEC, and the D-8. As the World Bank notes in its July 2005 Country Brief, the country has made significant progress in human development in the areas of literacy, gender parity in schooling and reduction of population growth.[6] However, Bangladesh continues to face a number of major challenges, including widespread political and bureaucratic corruption, economic competition relative to the world, serious overpopulation, widespread poverty, and an increasing danger of hydrologic shocks brought on by ecological vulnerability to

From Wikipedia


158,065,841 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
Age structure:
0-14 years: 34.1% (male 27,014,859/female 26,861,334)
15-64 years: 61.8% (male 45,972,283/female 51,670,172)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 3,161,943/female 3,385,250) (2010 est.)
Population growth rate 1.274% (2010 est.)
Birth rate 23.8 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
Death rate 9.08 deaths/1,000 population
urban population: 27% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 3.5% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 60.63 years
country comparison to the world: 185
male: 57.93 years
female: 63.43 years (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)


GDP (official exchange rate) $93.2 billion (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
5.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
6% (2008 est.)
6.2% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$1,600 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
$1,500 (2008 est.)
$1,400 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
Population below poverty line 36.3% (2008 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity)
$242.4 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
$229.5 billion (2008 est.)
$216.5 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

Source from CIA

past asianinfo

In 2000, Bangladesh was estimated to be one of the ten most highly populated countries with an estimated population of just under 130 million.  This makes the population density of about 875 people per sq km (2,267 people per sq mi) higher than other countries.  Most of the population is young with about 60 percent under the age of 25, with only about 3 percent over the age of 65 (life expectancy is 61 years).  Twenty percent of the population was deemed to be urban in 1998, making Bangladesh's population predominantly rural. 

Bengalis make up the majority of Bangladesh's population.  They are descendants from immigrant Indo-Aryans who came from the west and intermarried with various Bengal groups.  The minority in Bangladesh is comprised of several groups, the Chakma and Mogh (Mongoloid people who live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts District), the Santal (migrants from India) and the Biharis (Muslims who came from India).


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