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Bhutan Main Page

 


Bhutan's Education and Literacy

 

School is not compulsory, but is free in Bhutan.  Up until the 1960s there hadn't been a formal schooling system, apart from religious ones.  Unfortunately, the children in Bhutan do not have easy access to schools, so attendance is fairly low - with approximately 25% of the children attending primary school and only 5% attending secondary school in 1998.  Within these numbers, the ratio of boys attending school is much higher than that of girls.

Bhutan has some institutions of higher learning: a four-year college, a junior college and two technical schools.  A lot of Bhutanese students obtain grants to go overseas to the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Singapore, Japan and India to complete their studies.  Upon return to Bhutan, students are briefed on the country's currents needs.  After this, the students are then required to work in rural areas spending about six months or so helping the villagers improve their way of life by building schools, running medical clinics and building irrigation systems.

Ethnic groups:
Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
Religions:
Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%
Languages:
Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 47%
male: 60%
female: 34% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2008)
Education expenditures:
5.1% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 63

 


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