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Cambodia's Main Page

Education and Literacy in Cambodia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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The adult population has a literacy rate of about 35%.  Public education is compulsory, as well as free, for the first 6 years and an increase has been seen in attendance, with most eligible children attending by the mid-90s.

Secondary education had a little over one fourth of the eligible children enrolled, and it drops even more on the university level with barely 1 percent of the university-age population enrolled in an institution of higher learning.

Some of the problems in education occurred during the Khmer Rouge's rule, since teachers were executed and schools were closed.  Intellectuals, such as teachers, were oppressed due to the fear that they would be in opposition to a socialist society.

During the 80s, teachers either found better paying jobs or fled the country and Cambodia has not recovered since.  A major problem in the educational system is the lack of funds and a lack of trained personnel.

 

Ethnic groups:
Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Religions:
Buddhist 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)
Languages:
Khmer (official) 95%, French, English
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.6%
male: 84.7%
female: 64.1% (2004 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2006)
Education expenditures:
1.7% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 172

 

 

 
 
 
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