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Most of the people who live in Cambodia are ethnic Cambodian, averaging between 90-95% of the total population making Cambodia the most homogenous country in South-East Asia.

Vietnamese make up the largest minority group with about five percent of the population and Chinese make up another one percent.  With one of the highest population growth rates in Asia (2.5% per year), Cambodia had a population of a little over 11million in 1998.  

Due to the Khmer Rouge rule during which residents were forced to move out of the cities, most of the population lives in rural areas, with only about a tenth living in urban areas. 

90% of its population is of Khmer origin and speaks the Khmer language, the country's official language. The remainder include Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham and Khmer Loeu.

The Khmer language is a member of the Mon-Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French, once the language of government in Indochina, is still spoken by some older Cambodians. French is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France. Cambodian French, a remnant of the country's colonial past, is a dialect found in Cambodia and is sometimes used in government.

However, in recent decades, many younger Cambodians and those in the business-class have favoured learning English. In the major cities and tourist centers, English is widely spoken and taught at a large number of schools because of the overwhelming number of tourists from English-speaking countries. Even in the most rural outposts, most young people speak at least some English, as it is often taught by monks at the local pagodas where many children are educated.

Local women at a market in Battambang
Cambodia religiosity
religion percent

The dominant religion, a form of Theravada Buddhism (95%), was suppressed by the Khmer Rouge but has since experienced a revival. Islam (3%) and Christianity (2%) are also practiced.

The civil war and its aftermath have had a marked effect on the Cambodian population. 50% of the population is younger than 22. At 0.96 males/female, Cambodia has the most female-biased sex ratio in the Greater Mekong Subregion. In the Cambodian population over 65, the female to male ratio is 1.6:1.

UNICEF has designated Cambodia the third most landmined country in the world, attributing over 60,000 civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since 1970 to the unexploded land mines left behind in rual areas. The majority of the victims are children herding animals or playing in the fields.

Adults that survive landmines often require amputation of one or more limbs and have to resort to begging for survival. In 2006, the number of landmine casualties in Cambodia took a sharp decrease of more than 50% compared to 2005, with the number of landmine victims down from 800 in 2005 to less than 400 in 2006. The reduced casualty rate continued in 2007, with 208 casualties (38 killed and 170 injured).


Cambodia's infant mortality rate has decreased from 115 in 1993 to 89.4 per 1000 live births in 1998. In the same period, the under-five mortality rate decreased from 181 to 115 per 1000 live births. In the province with worst health indicators, Ratanakiri, 22.9% of children die before the age of five.



"Nation, Religion, King"
Royal Kingdom
Location of  Cambodia  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)    [Legend]
Location of  Cambodia  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)    [Legend]

(and largest city)
Phnom Penh
1133′N 10455′E / 11.55N 104.917E / 11.55; 104.917
Official language(s) Khmer
Official script Khmer script
Demonym Khmer or Cambodian
Government Constitutional monarchy,
Parliamentary representative democracy
 -  Monarch Norodom Sihamoni
 -  Prime Minister Hun Sen
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper House Senate
 -  Lower House National Assembly
 -  Khmer Empire 802 
 -  French Colonization 1863 
 -  Independence from France November 9, 1953 
 -  Khmer Republic March 18, 1970 
 -  Monarchy Restored September 24, 1993 
 -  Total 181,035 km2 (88th)
69,898 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.5
 -  2010 estimate 14,805,000[1] (66th)
 -  2008 census 13,388,910 
 -  Density 81.8/km2 (125th)
211.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $28.092 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $2,084[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $11.453 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $805[2] 
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.593[3] (medium) (137th)
Currency Riel (KHR)
Time zone (UTC+7)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .kh
Calling code 855


CIA Fact
country comparison to the world: 66
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 32.2% (male 2,399,960/female 2,345,571)
15-64 years: 64.2% (male 4,615,599/female 4,850,369)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 202,474/female 339,347) (2010 est.)
Median age:
total: 22.5 years
male: 21.8 years
female: 23.2 years (2010 est.)
Population growth rate:
1.777% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
Birth rate:
25.77 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
Death rate:
8 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
Net migration rate:
urban population: 22% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.045 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 53.04 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 46
male: 59.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 62.52 years
country comparison to the world: 177
male: 60.41 years
female: 64.71 years (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate:
3 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.8% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
75,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
6,900 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
noun: Cambodian(s)
adjective: Cambodian
Ethnic groups:
Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Buddhist 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)
Khmer (official) 95%, French, English
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.6%
male: 84.7%
female: 64.1% (2004 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2006)
Education expenditures:
1.7% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 172


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