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Myanmar's Transportation

Myanmar's roadways received the government's attention in the 90's, but not many improvements have been made. Approximately 12 percent of the roads are paved with an overwhelming majority being made of gravel (about 2/3).  The remaining roads are not easily accessible by cars, but by jeeps or ox carts.

The railways aren't much better, since there are from the time of British rule (and government owned and run).  There are about 2,000 miles of track, but they don't connect with railways outside of Myanmar, only with major cities within the country.

The major mode of transportation for passengers or for carrying cargo is the use of the inland waterways.  There are about 8,000 miles of rivers and canals with 2,000 miles of it navigable for large commercial boats.  Considering the fact that most of the major cities in Myanmar are near water, this isn't surprising.

There is an airline in Myanmar (Myanmar Airways) that is owned by the government and does have international service to a few countries/cities.  Joint ventures with companies in Singapore have brought about the modernization of domestic flights.  There are other airlines (international carriers) who provide flights directly to Mandalay and Pagan. 

 

Airports:
76 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 72
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 37
over 3,047 m: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
1,524 to 2,437 m: 15
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2010)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 39
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 11
under 914 m: 23 (2010)
Heliports:
6 (2010)
Pipelines:
gas 3,046 km; oil 551 km (2010)
Railways:
total: 5,031 km
country comparison to the world: 36
narrow gauge: 5,031 km 1.000-m gauge (2010)
Roadways:
total: 27,000 km
country comparison to the world: 101
paved: 3,200 km
unpaved: 23,800 km (2006)
Waterways:
12,800 km (2008)
country comparison to the world: 10
Merchant marine:
total: 26
country comparison to the world: 91
by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 19, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 3, specialized tanker 1
foreign-owned: 3 (Cyprus 1, Germany 1, Japan 1)
registered in other countries: 3 (Panama 3) (2010)
Ports and terminals:
Moulmein, Rangoon, Sittwe

 


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