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population of roughly 23 million is one of the most
ethnically and linguistically homogeneous in the world,
with very small numbers of Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese,
South Korean, and European expatriate minorities.
According to the CIA
World Factbook, North Korea's life expectancy was 63.8
years in 2009, a figure roughly equivalent to that of
Pakistan and Burma and slightly lower than Russia. Infant
mortality stood at a high level of 51.34, which is 2.5
times higher than that of China, 5 times that of Russia,
12 times that of South Korea.
According to the
UNICEF "The State of the world's Children 2003"
North Korea appears ranked at the 73rd place (with first
place having the highest mortality rate), between
Guatemala (72nd) and Tuvalu (74th). North Korea's Total
fertility rate is relatively low and stood at 1.96 in
2009, comparable to those of the United States and France.
evidence indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited
by lower Paleolithic people at least as early as 500,000
B.C. Many archaeological sites, mostly located along
rivers, have been excavated. The most famous are
Sokchang-ri in Ch'ung-ch'ongnam-do province and
Chon-gok-ri in Kyonggi-do province. Various stone tools,
including hand-axes and chopper-scrapers, have been found
at these sites, leading archaeologists to believe that
their inhabitants engaged in hunting and fishing. These
people are thought to have dwelt in caves, as the bones of
many extinct animals and relics of their daily life have
been unearthed in such places. The supposed connection
between these Paleolithic peoples and today's Koreans is
blurred at present by the lack of sufficient
archaeological excavations and anthropological evidence.
generally agree that the ancestors of today's Koreans were
late-comers of the Neolithic Period. According to
anthropological and linguistic studies, as well as
legendary sources, Koreans trace their ethnic origins to
those who lived in and around the Altaic mountains in
Central Asia. Several thousand years ago, these people
began to migrate eastward until they finally settled in an
area that included Manchuria and the Korean Peninsula.
these migrants entered the Korean Peninsula around the
third millennium B.C., they were confronted by natives
called Paleoasians, who were eventually driven into
various areas outside the Korean Peninsula. The Ainu of
the northern tip of Japan, the natives of Sakhalin and the
Eskimos of the eastern coast of Siberia are all
descendants of these Paleoasian tribes.
Lee, 13, from Mississippi is in Seoul, South Korea to
promote peace and reunification on the Korean peninsula at
the G20 Summit. It is in an effort to bring awareness of
the situation in Korea and his suggestion of a Children's
Peace Forest in the DMZ.
He is asking the G20 leaders to support:
1.The end of the Korean War with the signing of a peace
treaty between the two Koreas and the U.S.
2.A nuclear free Korean peninsula.
3.The creation of a Children's Peace Forest in the DMZ.
It's motto is Above Politics, Above Borders, Above
Conflicts, Above Ideology. It's all about giving hope to
people and children around the world. More......
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