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Transportation in Vietnam


Not known for modern conveniences, Vietnam has an inconvenient transportation system.  This in itself has been an obstacle for the Vietnamese to overcome while advancing economically.  The main mode of transportation is that of the bicycle rickshaw, bicycles are also popular and are used for transport to and from work for most Vietnamese.  Others use it for carrying groceries and other items as well and have managed to make packing the bicycle almost an art with the tremendous loads that are carried.   Although improvements have been attempted, particularly with the major roadways, the main source of transportation for goods is by barge, utilizing the many rivers and canals.

Outdated ports, even major ones for international shipping, are still behind the times, as is the state-run Vietnamese Airlines.  The airline does have both domestic and international flights, but the fact that the majority of their planes are outdated Soviet models hinders growth.  The government is taking a more active role with the airline in that it is attempting to purchase new planes from Europe and the U.S.

44 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 98
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 37
over 3,047 m: 9
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 9 (2010)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 3 (2010)
1 (2010)
condensate/gas 42 km; gas 66 km; refined products 206 km (2009)
total: 2,347 km
country comparison to the world: 67
standard gauge: 178 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 2,169 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)
total: 171,392 km
country comparison to the world: 29
paved: 125,789 km
unpaved: 45,603 km (2008)
17,702 km (5,000 km navigable by vessels up to 1.8 m draft) (2011)
country comparison to the world: 7
Merchant marine:
total: 537
country comparison to the world: 21
by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 103, cargo 330, chemical tanker 24, container 20, liquefied gas 7, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 46, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1
registered in other countries: 84 (Cambodia 1, Honduras 1, Liberia 3, Mongolia 34, Panama 37, Taiwan 1, Tuvalu 6, unknown 1) (2010)
Ports and terminals:
Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Ho Chi Minh City, Phu My, Quy Nhon
Transportation - note:
the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the South China Sea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; hijacked vessels are often disguised and cargo diverted to ports in East Asia; crews have been murdered or cast adrift

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