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Back to Malaysia 

 

Transportation in Malaysia

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Among the finest in Asia, Malaysia's road system, which was begun during British colonization, is extensive and covers about 63,445 km. There is a main highway that reaches the Thai border from Singapore, a distance of over 800 km (500 mi).  Although Peninsular Malaysia's road system is good, Sabah and Sarawak, have less developed roadways.  The majority of interior roads are not that great.  Within the city, the Light Rail Transit (LRT) is available for use to help meet Malaysia's need for mobility that is safe, predictable, reliable and comfortable.

Malaysia has five international airports, with the sixth being the newest (as of 1998) located south of Kuala Lumpur.  The main airline in Malaysia was started in 1971 and is Malaysia Airlines, which provides international and domestic air service.  There are two more carriers that offer domestic and regional flights.

There is a railway system that is state-run, but it generally covers only West Malaysia, with a brief jaunt into Sabah.  It covers a total of 1798 km of track.


Airports:
118 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 51
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 38
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 7 (2010)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 80
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 73 (2010)
Heliports:
3 (2010)
Pipelines:
condensate 3 km; gas 1,965 km; oil 31 km; refined products 114 km (2009)
Railways:
total: 1,849 km
country comparison to the world: 75
standard gauge: 57 km 1.435-m gauge (57 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 1,792 km 1.000-m gauge (150 km electrified) (2008)
Roadways:
total: 98,721 km
country comparison to the world: 44
paved: 80,280 km (includes 1,821 km of expressways)
unpaved: 18,441 km (2004)
Waterways:
7,200 km
country comparison to the world: 20
note: Peninsular Malaysia 3,200 km; Sabah 1,500 km; Sarawak 2,500 km (2011)
Merchant marine:
total: 321
country comparison to the world: 30
by type: bulk carrier 9, cargo 97, carrier 2, chemical tanker 45, container 44, liquefied gas 35, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 79, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 4
foreign-owned: 35 (Denmark 1, Hong Kong 8, Japan 4, Nigeria 1, Russia 2, Singapore 19)
registered in other countries: 79 (Bahamas 13, India 1, Indonesia 1, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 11, Panama 12, Papua New Guinea 1, Philippines 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Sierra Leone 1, Singapore 27, Thailand 3, Tuvalu 1, US 2, unknown 3) (2010)
Ports and terminals:
Bintulu, Johor Bahru, George Town (Penang), Port Kelang (Port Klang), Tanjung Pelepas
Transportation - note:
the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the Strait of Malacca and South China Sea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; hijacked vessels are often disguised and cargo diverted to ports in East Asia; crews have been murdered or cast adrift; increased naval patrols in 2009 resulted in significantly reduced numbers of incidents


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