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Back to Burma

 

The People of Myanmar (Burma)

Myanmar's (Burma) population is estimated at over 47 million, with the population density being 70 persons per sq km.  Roughly three quarters of the population are rural inhabitants, with the remaining population living in urban Yangon, Mandalay and Moulmein.  About two thirds of Myanmar's population are Burman (ethnically close to Tibetans and Chinese) with other minorities making up the other third. 

Of the minorities, the Karen and the Shan groups which together make up less than ten percent of Myanmar's population are considered to be the two most important ones.  With the British occupation, most of the ethnic minorities were kept separate within their borderlands, thus enabling them to maintain their traditions.  Since Burman rule, these minorities, especially the Karen with occasional help from Shan political groups and the Kachin have rebelled by using arms.

 
Nationality:
noun: Burmese (singular and plural)
adjective: Burmese
Ethnic groups:
Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
Religions:
Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%
Languages:
Burmese (official)
note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages
Population:
53,999,804 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.5% (male 7,560,859/female 7,278,652)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 18,099,707/female 18,342,696)
65 years and over: 5% (male 1,184,291/female 1,533,599) (2011 est.)
Median age:
total: 26.9 years
male: 26.3 years
female: 27.5 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate:
1.084% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
Birth rate:
19.31 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
Death rate:
8.16 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
Net migration rate:
-0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
Urbanization:
urban population: 34% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population:
RANGOON (capital) 4.259 million; Mandalay 1.009 million; Nay Pyi Taw 992,000 (2009)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate:
240 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 54
Infant mortality rate:
total: 49.23 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 50
male: 56.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 41.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 64.88 years
country comparison to the world: 167
male: 62.57 years
female: 67.33 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.26 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
Health expenditures:
2% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 188
Physicians density:
0.457 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density:
0.6 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 75% of population
rural: 69% of population
total: 71% of population
unimproved:
urban: 25% of population
rural: 31% of population
total: 29% of population (2008)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 86% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 81% of population
unimproved:
urban: 14% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 19% of population (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
240,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
18,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
29.6% (2003)
country comparison to the world: 19
Education expenditures:
NA
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.9%
male: 93.9%
female: 86.4% (2006 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2007)

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